The advances in dental technology in recent years have been exciting for oral surgeons and highly beneficial for patients. One of these medical innovations is platelet-rich plasma (PRP) treatment, which some patients may receive after having a tooth extraction performed in San Diego. PRP doesn’t assist with the actual procedure, but it can help accelerate the post-op healing process.
What It Is
Platelet-rich plasma is extracted from the patient’s own blood, so there’s no risk of having an allergic reaction to a synthetic substance. And since it isn’t derived from donor blood, there is zero risk of disease transmission. If your oral surgeon decides PRP is a good choice for you, you’ll have a small amount of blood drawn. This is placed in a centrifuge to separate the blood into its components. Plasma, which is the liquid part of the blood, is then super-concentrated with platelets. The result is platelet-rich plasma.
What It Does
The platelets in your blood contain proteins, which are called growth factors. When introduced to an injury or surgical site, these growth factors stimulate the stem cells to produce new tissue faster. In terms of practical benefits for the patient, PRP treatments can speed up the healing process. For example, if you’ve just had a bone augmentation procedure in preparation for dental implant placement, your oral surgeon might use PRP treatments along with the bone graft material. The PRP injection will trigger the increase in new bone mass, while also shortening the time you must wait before receiving your new dental implants.
What It Can Be Used For
PRP treatments are versatile, but they aren’t necessarily right for every procedure. If your oral surgeon thinks you’re a good candidate for PRP injections, they may be used in the following procedures:
- Oral fistula repair
- Bone defect repair following cyst removal or tooth extraction
- Bone grafting for implants
- Repair of cleft and palate defects
Who Is a Good Candidate
Most people are good candidates for PRP treatment, but it’s important to disclose your full health history to the oral surgeon. If you have a hematologic condition, such as a bleeding disorder, then you’re not a good candidate for PRP injections. Cancer, anemia, pregnancy, active infections, and some skin diseases are other contraindications for this therapy.